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Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 12:47 GMT+1:






Fokker Eindecker
Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: 1915
Engine: Oberursel U.I, 9 cylinder, rotary, 100 hp
31 ft 2¾ in 9.5 m
Length: 23 ft 7½ in 7.2 m
Height: 9 ft 1¾ in 2.4 m
Empty Weight: 399 kg
Gross Weight: 1342 lb 610 kg
Max Speed: 88 mph 140 km/h
Ceiling: 11,500 ft 4100 m
Endurance: 1½ hours
Crew: 1
Armament: 1 or 2 Spandau machine gun


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 12:48 GMT+1:





The Albatros D.II was a modified version of the Albatros D.I. Pilots complained that the D.I offered poor visibility from the cockpit. To solve this problem, the D.IIs upper wing was brought closer to the fuselage. Mounted to the fuselage in front of the pilot, the D.IIs twin, synchronous machine guns set the standard for other German and Allied fighters. By the end of 1916, increased production of the Albatros gave Germany numerical superiority in the air war.
Albatros D.II
Manufacturer: Albatros Werke GmbH
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: 1916
Engine: Mercedes D.IIIa, 6 cylinder inline, 160 hp
Wing Span: 27 ft 10 ¾ in 8.5 m
Length: 24 ft 3 in 7.4 m
Height: 8 ft 6 ½ in 2.95 m
Gross Weight: 1,954 lbs 888 kg
Max Speed: 109 mph 175 km/h
Ceiling: 17,060 ft 5,200 m
Endurance: 1 hour 30 mins
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 Spandau machine guns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 12:52 GMT+1:





Agile and heavily armed, the Albatros D.III looked similar to earlier models. Using V-struts, the size of the lower wing was reduced to improve downward visibility. But the struts allowed the wing to twist in flight. Manfred von Richthofen, one of the first pilots to receive the new plane, experienced this problem first hand when the lower wing of his D.III cracked in flight.

Albatros D.III
Manufacturer: Albatros Werke GmbH
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: January 1917
Number Built: 1,350
Engine: Mercedes D.IIIa, 6 cylinder inline, 175 hp
Wing Span: 29 ft 8¼ in 9.05 m
Length: 24 ft ½ in 7.33 m
Height: 9 ft 9 ¼ in 2.98 m
Gross Weight: 1,949 lbs 886 kg
Speed: 109 mph 175 km/h 3,281 ft 1,000 m
Ceiling: 18,044 ft 5,500 m
Endurance: 2 hours
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 Spandau light machine guns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 12:54 GMT+1:





This biplane was built using many of the design elements of the Eindecker. The Fokker D-II was not as popular as the albatros D-III, but it was an important step towards what would become a series of excellent aircraft, culminating in the Fokker D-VII.

Fokker D.II
Engine: 1 x Oberursel U.II 110 hp.
Wingspan: 9.04 m
Length: 6.29 m
Weight: 450 kg/708 kg
Max. speed: 160 km/h
Ceiling: 4720 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 12:55 GMT+1:





The Halberstadt D.II was not a particularly well received aircraft. It was underpowered, slow, lacking in firepower, and not able to match the altitudes reached by other planes in the German arsenal.

Halberstadt D.II
Engine: 1 x Mercedes D.II 120 hp.
Wingspan: 8.80 m
Length: 7.30 m
Weight: 561 kg/771 kg
Max. speed: 145 km/h
Ceiling: 5000 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 1 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 12:56 GMT+1:





The Halberstadt D.II was not a particularly well received aircraft. It was underpowered, slow, lacking in firepower, and not able to match the altitudes reached by other planes in the German arsenal.

Halberstadt D.II
Engine: 1 x Mercedes D.II 120 hp.
Wingspan: 8.80 m
Length: 7.30 m
Weight: 561 kg/771 kg
Max. speed: 145 km/h
Ceiling: 5000 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 1 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 12:58 GMT+1:





The D.II was a single-seat escort fighter, based on the structural principles of the C II, a wooden veneer shell fuselage. The deep fuselage filled to gap between the biplane wings completely. The production was hampered by a fire in the L.F.G. factory; about 20 were built. The Roland D.II suffered from a design flaw that limited the forward view of the pilot.

Roland D.II
Engine: 1 x Mercedes D.III 160 hp.
Wingspan: 8.94 m
Length: 6.93 m
Weight: 653 kg/793 kg
Max. speed: 169 km/h
Ceiling: 5200 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:00 GMT+1:





The Albatros D.V and D.Va retained the wing and tail design of the Albatros D.III. As soon as the D.V entered service, there was a series of fatal crashes caused by wing failure. Small struts and additional wire bracing were added to increase wing strength and pilots were warned not to dive too steeply when flying the D.V, but the crashes continued.
Albatros D.V
Manufacturer: Albatros Werke GmbH
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: 1917
Engine: Mercedes IIIa, 180 hp
Wing Span: 29 ft 8¼ in
Length: 24 ft ½ in
Height: 8 ft 10¼ in
Gross Weight: 2061 lb
Max Speed: 116 mph at 3281 ft
Ceiling: 18,700 ft
Endurance: 2 hours
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 Spandau machine guns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:01 GMT+1:





The German Air Service began equipping fighter units with the rugged and reliable Pfalz D.III in August 1917. Together with the Albatros D.Va the D.III and the improved D.IIIa, helped revive Germany's air superiority over the Allies. Compared to its rivals, the Pfalz D.III was not a great fighter, but it was very fast in a dive.

Pfalz D.III
Engine: 1 x Mercedes D.III 160 hp.
Wingspan: 9.40 m
Length: 6.95 m
Weight: 689 kg/922 kg
Max. speed: 164 km/h
Ceiling: 4900 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:03 GMT+1:





The Fokker DR.I triplane was built after the Sopwith Triplane. While not as fast as contemporary biplanes, the Dreidecker could easily outclimb any opponent. Small, lightweight and highly maneuverable, it offered good upward visibility and lacked the traditional bracing wires that could be shot away during combat. This combination of features made it an outstanding plane in a dogfight. When the DR.I first entered service, antagonists scoffed until pilots like Werner Voss showed what it could do in a fight. Flying a prototype, Voss shot down 10 British aircraft in 6 days of aerial combat during September 1917. Unfortunately, the DR.I was not without problems. By the end of October 1917, it was temporarily withdrawn from service when several pilots, including Heinrich Gontermann, were killed as a result of wing failures. Despite structural improvements, the Fokker triplane's reputation among German airmen never recovered.
Fokker Dr.I
Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: August 1917
Number Built: 320
Engine: Oberursel UR.II, 9 cylinder reciprocating
Wing Span: 23 ft 7 3/8 in 7.19 m
Length: 18 ft 11 1/8 in 5.77 m
Height: 9 ft 8 in
Empty Weight: 893 lb
Gross Weight: 1,289.2 lb 586 kg
Speed: 103 mph 165 kmh 13120 ft 4000 m
Ceiling:
20,013 ft 6100 m
Endurance:
1.5 hours
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 Spandau 7.92 mm machine guns
 


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:05 GMT+1:





The Fokker D.VI was an excellent aircraft that was not to be. It was overshadowed by the success of the Fokker D.VII. The design was a biplane based on a streched Dr.1 fuselage. Only a handfull were built and entered service.

Fokker D.VI
Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
Type: Fighter
Engine: 1 x Rhone 110 hp.
Wingspan: 7.66 m
Length: 6.19 m
Weight: 392 kg/582 kg
Max. speed: 201 km/h
Ceiling: 5940 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:06 GMT+1:





Sleek, rugid, fast and nimble were all words that could be used to describe the Siemens Schuckert D.III. Though not produced in great numbers it was an important design from the point of view of future aircraft design.

Siemens Schuckert D.III
Manufacturer: Siemens-Schuckert
Type: Fighter
Engine: 1 x Siemens-Halske SH.III 160 hp.
Wingspan: 8.40 m
Length: 5.75 m
Weight: 534 kg/725 kg
Max. speed: 180 km/h
Ceiling: 8000 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:08 GMT+1:





The Fokker D.VII is widely regarded as the best German aircraft of the war. Its development was championed by Manfred von Richthofen. In January 1918, Richthofen tested the D.VII in the trials at Adlershof but never had an opportunity to fly it in combat. He was killed just days before it entered service. When introduced, the D.VII was not without problems. On occasion its wing ribs would fracture in a dive or high temperatures would cause the gas tank to explode. Even so, the D.VII proved to be durable and easy to fly. As noted by one authority, it had "an apparant ability to to make a good pilot out of mediocre material." When equipped with the BMW engine, the D.VII could outclimb any Allied opponent it encountered in combat. Highly maneuverable at all speeds and altitudes, it proved to be more than a match for any of the British or French fighter planes of 1918.
Fokker D.VII
Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: End of April, 1918
Number Built: 840
Engines:
Mercedes D-III 6 cylinder inline, 160 hp
BMW IIIa inline, 185 hp
Wing Span:29 ft 3.5 in
Length:22 ft 11.5 in
Height:9 ft 2.5 in
Empty Weight:1,540 lb
Gross Weight:1,939 lb
Speed:118 mph - Mercedes 124 mph - BMW
Ceiling:
18,000 ft Mercedes 21,000 ft BMW
Endurance: 1.5 hours
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 Spandau 7.92 mm machine guns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:10 GMT+1:





Winner of the April 1918 fighter competition, the Fokker D.VIII monoplane was delayed by production problems. Only thirty six of them entered service during the last weeks of the war. Equipped with an underpowered engine, the D.VIII was nevertheless an excellent fighter eagerly received by the German air service. Dubbed the "Flying Razor" by Allied pilots, it had the distinction of scoring the last aerial victory of the war.

Fokker E.V - D.VIII
Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: 1918
Number Built: About 290
Engine: Oberursel UR-II, 9 cylinder rotary, 110 hp
Wing Span: 27 ft 6.75 in
Length: 19 ft 4 in
Height: 9 ft 3 in
Gross Weight: 1,238 lb
Max Speed: 115 mph at sea level
Ceiling: 20,670 ft
Endurance: 1.5 hours
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 Spandau machine guns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:11 GMT+1:




What really set the Junker D.I apart from any previous aircraft was it's cantilevered low-wing design and corrugated duralumin skin. Duralumin, the same metal used for Zeppelin construction, was light yet strong. The Junkers monoplane was rugid, fast, and agile. The D.I was every fighter pilots' dream. The design was a decade ahead of its time appearing a year too late.
Junkers D.I
Engine: 1 x BMW IIIa 185 hp.
Wingspan: 9.00 m
Length: 7.30 m
Weight: 654 kg/834 kg
Max. speed: 185 km/h
Ceiling: 6000 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:13 GMT+1:




What really set the Junker D.I apart from any previous aircraft was it's cantilevered low-wing design and corrugated duralumin skin. Duralumin, the same metal used for Zeppelin construction, was light yet strong. The Junkers monoplane was rugid, fast, and agile. The D.I was every fighter pilots' dream. The design was a decade ahead of its time appearing a year too late.
Junkers D.I
Engine: 1 x BMW IIIa 185 hp.
Wingspan: 9.00 m
Length: 7.30 m
Weight: 654 kg/834 kg
Max. speed: 185 km/h
Ceiling: 6000 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:14 GMT+1:





The Pfalz D.XII was the successor to the Pfalz D.IIIa series fighter. They were received into service in late summer of 1918. It was a sturdy, agile, and well designed fighter that nearly rivaled the famed Fokker D.VII in performance. It was not produced in great numbers due to the amount of time needed to form the plywood fuselage.

Pfalz D.XII
Engine: 1 x Mercedes D.IIIa 180 hp.
Wingspan: 9.00 m
Length: 7.99 m
Weight: 792 kg/902 kg
Max. speed: 180 km/h
Ceiling: 5100 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:15 GMT+1:





Roland D.VIa aircraft were received in the late Spring of 1918 and were still in use at the end of hostilities in November . The Roland D.VI was purported to have good handling qualities, but most pilots wanted the sensational Fokker D.VII. The clinker built body of the Roland D.VI was final refinement of all the shark-like designs that had come before it.

Roland D.VI
Engine: 1 x Mercedes D.IIIa 180 hp.
Wingspan: 9.39 m
Length: 6.34 m
Weight: 690 kg/901 kg
Max. speed: 183 km/h
Ceiling: 5790 m
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x machineguns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:20 GMT+1:





Modified wing construction and an improved rotary engine made the Siemens-Schuckert D.IV a better aircraft than its predecessor the D.III. Considered superior to the Fokker D.VII, it entered service in small numbers, too late to have much of an impact on the outcome of the air war.
Siemens-Schuckert D.IV
Country: Germany
Manufacturer: Siemens-Schuckert
Type: Fighter
Entered Service: 1918
Number Built: 123
Engine: Siemens-Halske Sh IIIa, rotary, 160 hp
Wing Span: 8.35 m
Length: 5.70 m
Empty Weight: 540 kg
Max Speed: 184 km/h
Ceiling: 26,000 ft in 20 mins
Crew: 1
Armament: Two 7.9 mm machine guns


Autor: alexgabriel, 17/Nov/2005 13:22 GMT+1:





Modified wing construction and an improved rotary engine made the Siemens-Schuckert D.IV a better aircraft than its predecessor the D.III. Considered superior to the Fokker D.VII, it entered service in small numbers, too late to have much of an impact on the outcome of the air war.
Siemens-Schuckert D.IV
Country: Germany
Manufacturer: Siemens-Schuckert
Type: Fighter
Entered Service: 1918
Number Built: 123
Engine: Siemens-Halske Sh IIIa, rotary, 160 hp
Wing Span: 8.35 m
Length: 5.70 m
Empty Weight: 540 kg
Max Speed: 184 km/h
Ceiling: 26,000 ft in 20 mins
Crew: 1
Armament: Two 7.9 mm machine guns


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